Soil erosion vulnerability in Brazilian semiarid


  • Vilaneide Lopes Costa de Oliveira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Geografia, Natal, Brasil
  • Jessica Neves de Carvalho Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Departamento de Solos, Viçosa, Brasil
  • Luiz Antonio Cestano Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Geografia, Natal, Brasil.
  • José João Lelis Leal de Souza Universidade Federal de Viçosa



Dry forest, Soil fragility, Desertification, Caatinga, Drylands


Soil erosion is one of the most dangerous impacts of climate change and anthropic disturbance in drylands. Its control and reduction of soil and nutrient loss are essential to maintaining terrestrial ecosystems. Rare studies present data about soil fragility in the Brazilian semiarid. This study aimed to measure soil resistance to erosion. Ten soil profiles were described and classified to represent vegetation cover and geological diversity. The study area encompasses the Seridó region, one of the driest regions in Brazil. The water-stable aggregates (WSA) content is highly variable, regardless of the equivalent diameter of the aggregates. The lowest levels of WSA were recorded by Arenosol and A and E horizons of Solonetz. Plinthosol and argic horizon of Solonetz and Luvisol recorded the lowest levels of soil loss. Large and fine aggregates presented different stability mechanisms. Vegetation cover, clay, and sand contents intermediate the stability of aggregates larger than 1 mm. Soil reactivity, Al3+ content, and altitude are important for aggregates smaller than 1 mm. Conservation practices that favor coverage and maintenance of soil moisture and organic residues should be induced by the government and applied by small rural producers to minimize human environmental effects.


Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

José João Lelis Leal de Souza, Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Leciono no Departamento de Solos disciplinas sobre Recuperação de Áreas Degradadas, Geomorfologia Tropical e Geoquímica de solos.

Pesquiso na área de Pedometria e Geomorfologia.





Como Citar

Oliveira, V. L. C. de ., Carvalho, J. N. de ., Cestano, L. A. ., & Souza, J. J. L. L. de. (2024). Soil erosion vulnerability in Brazilian semiarid. Revista Brasileira De Geomorfologia, 25(2).